Abijah, in A. V. of O. T. thrice Abiah (1 Sam. 8:2; 1 Chron. 6:28; 7:8), in A. V. of N. T. Abia [Yah is a father].
1. A descendant of Aaron. His family had grown to a father's house in the time of David, and was made the eighth of the twenty-four courses into which David divided the priests (1 Chron. 24:1, 6, 10). See 7 below.
2. A descendant of Benjamin through Becher (1 Chron. 7:8).
3. The younger son of Samuel, appointed by his father a judge in Beersheba, but who proved corrupt (1 Sam. 8:2 ; 1 Chron. 6:28).
4. A son of Jeroboam. While yet a child he fell dangerously sick. Jeroboam sent his queen in disguise to the prophet Ahijah, who had predicted that he should obtain the kingdom, to inquire what the issue of the sickness would be. The prophet recognized the queen, notwithstanding her disguise, denounced judgment against Jeroboam for his apostasy from Yahweh, and added that the child would die at once, and that alone of all that household he would obtain honorable burial, because in him was found some good thing toward the Lord God. All came to pass as the seer had foretold (1 Kin. 14:1-18).
5. The name given in Chronicles to the son and successor of Rehoboam, called in Kings Abijam (2 Chron. 12:16; 13:1; 14:1); see ABIJAM.
6. The mother of Hezekiah (2 Chron. 29:1). In 2 Kin. 18:2 she is called with great brevity Abi.
7. A chief of the priests who returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon (Neh. 12:4, 7). Possibly he was a representative of the old course of Abijah, but the connection cannot be established, and in view of Ezra 2:36 seq. is not probable. In the next generation, a father's house among the priests bore this name (Neh. 12:17). The father of John the Baptist belonged to this family (Luke 1:5).
8. A priest who, doubtless in behalf of a father's house, signed the covenant in the days of Nehemiah (Neh. 10:7).