The son and successor of Rehoboam on the throne of Judah. His mother s name was Maacah, a descendant of Absalom (1 Kin. 15:2; 2 Chron. 13:2). He sinned after the manner of his father, and had not a heart true to God. The kings of Judah had not yet become reconciled to the revolt of the ten tribes, and Abijam continued the war with Jeroboam which his father had waged (1 Kin. 15:6, 7). According to 2 Chron. 13:3, compared with 2 Sam. 24:9, the whole population "able to go forth to war" was under arms. In the slaughter which accompanied the warfare, half a million men of Israel were slain by the Jews (2 Chron. 13:16-20). Abijam had fourteen wives, twenty-two sons, and sixteen daughters (2 Chron. 13:21). He reigned three years, and died, leaving his son Asa to succeed him in the kingdom (1 Kin. 15:1-8; 2 Chron. 14:1).