A city in the province of the Medes. When the Jews asserted that Cyrus had issued a decree permitting them to build the temple, their adversaries sent to Babylon to inquire if the document were in existence. Darius ordered an investigation. The house of the archives where the treasures were laid up in Babylon was first searched, but in vain. The quest was continued in Achmetha in the province of the Medes, and the decree was found in the palace (Ezra 5:6-6:2). There is no reason to doubt that Achmetha was Ecbatana, the capital of Media, the summer residence of the Persian kings, and a treasure city. It is the modern Hamadan.